Which Solution Below Has The Highest Concentration Of Hydroxide Ions

For example, 1) pH of 12, and a pOH of 2 2) pH of 3, and a pOH of 11 Wouldn't the solution with the highest concentration of hydrogen ions be #1 and the highest concentration of hydroxide ions be #2. If not, please explain to me why. The higher the pH, the more hydroxide ions. PH measures the presence of H+ ions in solution. Since pH + POH = 14, the higher the pH, the lower the pOH and thus the higher concentration of OH in solution. This is because p means -log of. The answer is E.

Which of the following aqueous solutions has the lowest #[OH^-]# ?

A. a solution with a pH of 3.0
B. a #1*10^-4# M solution of #HNO_3#
C. a solution with a pOH of 12.0
D. pure water
E. a #1*10^-6#M solution of NaOH

2 Answers

Explanation:

Now in aqueous solution, under standard conditions, the following equilibrium operates...

#2H_2O(l) rightleftharpoons H_3O^+ + HO^-#

And #K_w=[H_3O^+][HO^-]=10^-14#...and if we take #log_10# of both sides..we get...

#14=pH+pOH#

Which solution below has the highest concentration of hydroxide ions formula

And so we gots... #A. [H_3O^+]=0.001*mol*L^-1#

#B. [H_3O^+]=0.0001*mol*L^-1#

#C. pOH=12,#...so #pH=2#, and thus #[H_3O^+]=10^-2*mol*L^-1-=0.01*mol*L^-1#

#D.##pH=7# and thus #[H_3O^+]=10^-7*mol*L^-1#

#E.##[HO^-]=10^-6*mol*L^-1#, #pOH=+6#, #pH=8#, and so #[H_3O^+]=10^-8*mol*L^-1#

And so the HIGHEST concentration with respect to #H_3O^+# NECESSARILY demands the LOWEST CONCENTRATION with respect to #HO^-#. Note that we use #H_3O^+# and #H^+# interchangeably...

Capisce?

Explanation:

Let's examine the options by looking at their #'pH'#.

#A.# has a #'pH'=3#.

For #B.#, the #'pH'# of the nitric acid would be #-log[10^-4]=4#, as it is an acid, and so the equation corresponds to the #'pH'#.

For #C.#, the #'pH'# of the solution would be #14-'pOH'=14-12=2#.

#D.# is pure water, and therefore has a #'pH'=7#.

For #E.# the #'pOH'# of the sodium hydroxide would be #-log[10^-6]=6#, as it is a base, and so the logarithm equation responds to the #'pOH'#.

Since the #'pH'# is related to #'pOH'# by the equation,

#'pH + pOH'=14# at #25^@'C'#, we can find the #'pOH'# of the following choices.

#A.# has a #'pOH'=14-3=11#.

#B.# has a #'pOH'=14-4=10#.

#C.# has a #'pOH'=12#, as stated.

#D.# has a #'pOH'=14-7=7#.

#E.# has a #'pOH'=6#, as calculated.

Notice how,

Which Solution Below Has The Highest Concentration Of Hydroxide Ions Formed

#6<7<10<11<12#

or

#E.<D.<B.<A.<C.#

Since #'pOH'=-log[OH^-]#, or #[OH^-]=10^(-'pOH')#, and so the hydroxide ion concentration is inversely proportional to the #'pOH'#, i.e. more #[OH^-]# means less #'pOH'#, and vice-versa.

Which Solution Below Has The Highest Concentration Of Hydroxide Ions Chegg

Since #C.# has the highest #'pOH'#, then that means that it has the least #[OH^-]# concentration, and so it is the answer.

Which Solution Below Would Have The Highest Concentration Of Hydroxide Ions

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