Surah Yaseen (the Heart of Quran) is an Islamic Surah takes its name from the two letters of the alphabet with which it begins, equivalent to reciting Holy Quran. Some of the Surahs have great importance and reverence leading to incredible benefits for the readers. Surah Yaseen Urdu has designed with 100% accuracy and delivered after full proof reading without any mistake. Surah Yasin in Urdu translation is an authentic Urdu translation which is acceptable for all Muslims scholars. Recitation with a very beautiful voice is included and you can listen to Surah Yasin mp3 with Urdu translation and Arabic audio. سورت یسین (Surah yaseen) is the heart. Learn the Arabic Alphabets. 'In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful' PrivateQuranTutor.webs.com service offers exclusive internet telephony learning solutions for students all over the world. Our service lets you access well qualified Hafiz of Quran via our unique learning format which allows you to learn the Holy Quran with tajweed.
LEARNING TO READ THE YASEEN SURAH WITH TAJWEED
This is just a study guide for those who are at the learning stage. You must learn how to pronounce the Arabic letters from a qualified person!
Surah Yasin Full Read Only
HOLD YOUR MOUSE ON THE LETTER TO SEE THE PRONOUNCIATION (Don't click.)
PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING EXPLANATION FIRSTPlease be careful while pronouncing the FATHA, e.g., the 'a' sound. For example, the 'a' in 'wa' should be pronounced like 'e' in 'went'. Likewise, all the 'a' in the sura should produce an 'a' sound like 'e' in 'went'.
Some Fatha produces an 'a' sound like 'a' in English word 'art'. For example, 'a' in Arabic word 'qawl' is like 'a' in art. All 'a' in the sura should produce a variation of the 'a' sound in 'art'. Sometimes 'a' is little softer like 'la' in 'la miserables or Labrador.' Sometimes it is a little longer, e.g. it is written with two 'aa' so it produces a little longer 'a' like longer 'a' in English word 'far.' The 'a' sound in Arabic words 'maa' or 'laa' are the 'a' sound in 'far'. Ayn with fatha is represented by 'A'. Ayn with sukuun is represented by 'Å'.
KASRAs should produce a 'i' sound like 'i' in 'sin'. Ayn with kasra is represented by 'I'.
DAMMA should produce a 'u' sound like 'u' in 'do' or sometimes little softer like 'u' sound in 'you'. Mostly the 'u' sound is like the sound produced by the 'oo' in English. The sound produced depends on the letter, e.g., if the letter is a soft letter like b,h,y,s the 'u' sound will also be softer. For example, 'bu' will be like in 'boon' or 'su' will be like in 'soon'. Ayn with damma is represented by 'U'.
TAJWEED - ART OF READING THE QUR'AN BEAUTIFULLY
INTRODUCTONThere are a few rules for reading the Qur'an beautifully. The Arabic text below incorporated some of these rules. These rules must be learned and applied when the reader comes across to the rule because the arabic text below could not incorporate some of the rules, i.e., it involves converting a letter to another letter. The rules will be explained first and then that rule will be represented by an acronym, e.g., by some capital letters, and then that acronym will be used when that tajweed rule exists in an ayat. Most of the rules involve the first letter of a word coming after a word which ends with noon-u saakin (the letter of 'n' with a sukuun or jazm over it, like 'min') or a word ending with tanwin, e.g., the word which ends with two fathas (like khayran) or two dammahs (like khayrun) or two kasrahs (like dhikrin). The latin text below already incorporated all the rules. The reader should just read the text the way it is written because all the necessary conversions are already incorporated to the text. But user still has to learn and apply the rules to produce the sound from the nose or whatever has to be done when it is required by the respective rule.
RULES OF TAJWEEDFirst some definitions:
IDGAAM: combining two letters to make one letter and reading that letter with shadda, by closing the lips.
GUNNA: the sound produced from the nose.
iZhaar (IZ): when one of the iZhaar letters (a, kh, H, 'A, g, or h) comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, iZhaar occurs. IZhaar means separating two words distinctly by opening the lips. For example, for 'man amana' we distinctively finish the 'man' and then start the 'amana.'
IKHFAA (IKHF): Ikhfaa letters are the following fifteen letters: t, th, j, d, dh, z, s, sh, S, D, T, Z, f, q, and k. When one of the ikhfaa letters comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, ikhfaa occurs. The tong stays in the middle of the mouth touching neither to top nor to the bottom and a sound will be produced from the nose, i.e., GUNNA. Also, the lips will neither be closed like in idgaam nor opened like in iZhaar and without doing shadda the letters will be produced.
IQLAAB (IQL): when the iqlaab letter 'b' comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, IQLAAB occurs. The noon-u saakin or tanwin will be converted to 'mim' and since both 'mim' and 'b' is produced from the lips, it will be produced one after the other together, e.g, 'min bayni' becomes 'mim bayni', see ayat 9 below.
IDGAAM MA'AL GUNNA - idgaam with gunna (IDMG): when one of the idgaam letters (m,n,w or y) comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, IDMG occurs. IDMG is performed in the following manner: the noon-u saakin or tanwin will be converted to the first letter of the following word and will be read with shadda while making sound from the nose simultaneously. Lets assume that the first word is 'SiraTin' and the following word is 'mustaqiym'. Since the second word starts with 'mim', the last letter of 'SiraTin', i.e., the 'n' will be converted to 'mim'. One of the mims will be dropped and the remaining one 'mim' will be read with shadda while making the sound from the nose. It will be read 'SiraTimmustaqiym', see ayat four below.
Example for letter 'm': 'basharun mithlunaa' becomes 'basharummithlunaa', see ayat 15 below.
Example for letter 'n': 'man nu'Ammirhu' becomes 'mannu'Ammirhu', see ayat 68 below.
Example for letter 'w': 'SayHatan waaHidatan' becomes 'SayHatawwaaHidatan', see ayat 49 below.
Example for letter 'y': 'falakin yasbaHuuna' becomes 'falakiyyasbaHuuna', see ayat 40 below.
IDGAAM BILA GUNNA - idgaam without gunna (IDBG): when one of the IDBG letters (r or l) comes after the noon-u saakin or tanwin, IDBG occurs. The noon-u saakin or tanwin will be converted to the first letter of the following word and will be read with shadda. Lets assume that the first word is 'min' and the following word starts with 'lam'. In this case, the last letter of 'min', i.e., the 'n' will be converted to 'lam' and thus now there are two 'lam'. We drop one of the lam and read the remaining one 'lam' with shadda. The letter 'r' is similar, e.g., we read the 'r' with shadda. For example, 'gafuurun raHiym' becomes 'gafururraHiym' or 'min rasuulin' becomes 'mirrasuulin' see ayat 30 below, or 'lain lam' becomes 'laillam', see ayat 18 below.
IDGAAM MITHLAYN (IDMIT): literally means combining identical letters. Usually the last letter of the first word ends with sukuun and the following word starts with the same letter.
1) The last letter of any word ends with a sukuun and the following word starts with the same letter, e.g., like in 'rabiHat tijaaratuhum'.
2) When the last letter of any word ends with noon-u saakin and the following word starts with the noon, it becomes IDGAAM MITHLAYN and also it becomes IDGAAM MA'AL GUNNA (IDMG), like in 'min naarin' or 'wa man nu'Ammirhu.'
3) Mim-i saakin (mim with sukuun or jazm over it) has three cases:
a. The last letter of any word ends with mim-i saakin and the following word starts with the mim again, e.g., like in 'at'Amahum min', it becomes IDGAAM MITHLAYN MA'AL GUNNA - idgaam mithlayn with gunna (IDMIT-G). For idgaam mithlayn with gunna we combine the two letters and make one letter out of them and read it with shadda while making noise from the nose.
b. The last letter of any word ends with mim-i saakin and the following word starts with 'b', then it becomes IKHFAA. Examples: 'rabbahum bihim' or 'tarmihim biHijaratin.'
c. The last letter of any word ends with mim-i saakin and the following word starts with the letters other than 'b' and 'm', then it becomes 'iZhaar.' Examples: 'hum fiyhi' or lakum diynukum.'
|= e||= b||= t||= th||= j|
Surah Yaseen Pdf
|= H||= kh||= d||= dh||= r|
|= z||= s||= sh||= S||= D|
|= T||= Z||= 'A;'Å; 'U;'I||= g||= f|
|= q||= k||= l||= m||= n|
|= h||= w||= y||= La, or L & e combined|
CHARACTERS THAT CONTROL THE READINGWhile reading the Qur'aan, the reader may get tired or his breath may run out at a certain point and must stop to take a breath. The point of his stopping sometimes may cause a very ill meaning. For this reason, scholars assigned various letters to control the reading. Please, learn the meaning of these letters and apply it while you read the Ya-seen or any other surah.
M (mim) - You must stop when you see this letter.
T (Ta) - You must also stop when you see this letter.
C (Jim) - You may either stop or pass when you see this letter. Stopping is better.
A (Ayn), K (Kaf), S (Sin), Z (Za) - You may stop at these four letters if you run out of breath. But if your breath is good, then you should keep reading.
L (Lam) - If this letter is in the middle of the ayet, it is wrong to stop there. You must keep reading to pass this point. If you run out of breath and must stop, then you will go back and start from an earlier point and pass this letter by reading through it.
L (Lam) - If this letter is at the end of an ayet, you should also read through to pass it. But if you run out of breath and stop it there, then you don't have to go back.
Chapter 36: YA-SEEN
1 yaa siiin
2 wal qur'aanil Hakiymi (L)
3 innaka laminal mursaliyna (L)
4 'Alaa SiraaTim (n-m IDMG) mustaqiym (T)
5 tanziylal 'AziyzirraHiymi (L)
6 litundhira qawmam (n-m IDMG) maaa undhira aabaaauhum (m-f IZ) fahum (m-g IZ) gaafiluuna
7 laqad Haqqal qawlu 'Alaaa aktharihim (m-f IZ) fahum (m-l IZ) Laa yu'minuuna
8 innaa ja'Alnaa fiiiy a'Ånaaqihim (m-a IZ) agLaaLan (n-f IKHF) fahiya ilal adhqaani fahum (m-m IDMIT-G) muqmaHuuna
9 wa ja'Alnaa mim (n-b IQL) bayni aydiyhim (m-s IZ) saddaw (n-w IDMG) wa min (n-kh IZ) khalfihim (m-s IZ) saddan (n-f IKHF) fa-agshaynaahum (m-f IZ) fahum (m-l IZ) Laa yubSiruuna
10 wa sawaaaun (n-'A IZ) 'Alayhim (m-a IZ) a-andhartahum (m-a IZ) am (m-l IZ) lam (m-t IZ) tundhirhum (m-l IZ) Laa yu'minuuna
11 innamaa tundhiru manittaba'Adhdhikra wa khashiyarraHmaana bilgaybi (C) fabashshirhu bimagfiratiw (n-w IDMG) wa ajrin (n-k IKHF) kariymin
12 innaa naHnu nuHyiyl mawtaa wa naktubu maa qaddamuu wa aathaarahum (T) wa kulla shay'in (n-a IZ) aHSaynaahu fiiiy imaamim (n-m IDMG) mubiynin
13 waDrib lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) mathaLan (n-a IZ) aSHaabal qaryah (M) idh jaaa-ahal mursaluuna (C)
14 idh arsalnaaa ilayhimuth nayni fakadhdhabuuhumaa fa'Azzaznaa bithaalithin (n-f IKHF) faqaaluuu innaaa ilaykum (m-m IDMIT-G) mursaluuna
15 qaaluu maaa antum (m-i IZ) illaa basharum (n-m IDMG) mithlunaa (L) wa maaa anzalar raHmaanu min (n-sh IKHF) shay'in (n-a IZ) (L) in (n-a IZ) antum (m-a IZ) illaa takdhibuuna
16 qaaluu rabbunaa ya'Ålamu innaaa ilaykum (m-l IZ) lamursaluuna
17 wa maa 'Alaynaaa illal baLaagul mubiyn
18 qaaluuu innaa taTayyarnaa bikum (m-l IZ) (C) lail (n-l IDBG) lam (m-t IZ) tantahuu lanarjumannakum (m-w IZ) wa layamassannakum (m-m IDMIT-G) minnaa 'Adhaabun (n-a IZ) aliymun
19 qaaluu Taaairukum (m-m IDMIT-G) ma'Akum (m-a IZ) (T) ain (n-d IKHF) dhukkirtum (T) bal antum qawmum (n-m IDMG) musrifuuna
20 wa jaaa-a min (n-a IZ) aqSalmadiynati rajuluy (n-y IDMG) yas'AA qaala yaa qawmittabi'UUl mursaliyna (L)
21 ittabi'UU mal (n-l IDBG) Laa yas'alukum (m-a IZ) ajraw (n-w IDMG) wa hum (m-m IDMITH-G) muhtaduuna
22 wa maaliya Laaa a'Åbudulladhiy faTaraniy wa ilayhi turja'UUna
23 a-attakhidhu min (n-d IKHF) duunihiii aalihatan (n-a IZ) in yuridnirraHmaanu biDurril (n-l IDBG) Laa tugni 'Anniy shafaa'Atuhum (m-sh IZ) shay'aw (n-w IDMG) wa Laa yunqidhuuni (C)
24 inniiiy idhal (n-l IDBG) lafiy DaLaalim (n-m IDMG) mubiynin
25 inniiiy aamantu birabbikum (m-f IZ) fasma'UUn (T)
26 qiyladkhulil jannah (T) qaala yaa layta qawmiy (n-y IDMG) ya'Ålamuuna(L)
27 bimaa gafara liy rabbiy wa ja'Alaniy minal mukramiyna
28 wa maaa anzalnaa 'Alaa qawmihii mim (n-b IQL) ba'Ådihii min (n-j IKHF) jundim (n-m IDMG) minas samaaai wa maa kunnaa munziliyna
29 in (n-k IKHF) kaanat illaa SayHataw (n-w IDMG) waaHidatan (n-f IKHF) faidhaa hum (m-kh IZ) khaamiduuna
30 yaa Hasratan (n-'A IZ) 'Alal'Ibaadi (C) maa ya'tiyhim (m-m IDMITH-G) mir (n-r IDBG) rasuulin (n-a IZ) iLLaa kanuu bihii yastahziuuna
31 alam (m-y IZ) yaraw kam (m-a IZ) ahlaknaa qablahum (m-m IDMITH-G) minal quruuni annahum (m-a IZ) ilayhim (m-l IZ) Laa yarji'UUna
32 wa in (n-k IKHF) kullul (n-l IDBG) lammaa jamiy'Ul (n-l IDBG) ladaynaa muHDaruuna (A)
33 wa aayatul (n-l IDBG) lahumuL arDul maytatu (C) aHyaynaahaa wa akhrajnaa minhaa Habban (n-f IKHF) faminhu ya'kuluuna
34 wa ja'Alnaa fiyhaa jannaatim (n-m IDMG) min (n-n IDMG) nakhiyliw (n-w IDMG) wa a'Ånaabiw (n-w IDMG) wa fajjarnaa fiyhaa minal 'Uyuuni (L)
35 liya'kuluu min (n-th IKHF) thamarihii (L) wa maa 'Amilat-hu aydiyhim (T)
35 afaLaa yashkuruuna
36 subHaanalladhiy khalaqaL azwaaja kullahaa mimmaa tumbituL (n-b IQL) arDu wa min (n-a IZ) anfusihim (m-w IZ) wa mimmaa Laa ya'Ålamuuna
37 wa aayatul (n-l IDBG) lahumullaylu naslakhu minhunnahaara faidhaa hum (m-m IDMITH-G) muZlimuuna (L)
38 wash shamsu tajriy limustaqarril (n-l IDBG) lahaa (T) dhaalika taqdiyrul 'Aziyzil 'Aliym (T)
39 wal qamara qaddarnaahu manaazila Hattaa 'AAdakal 'Urjuunil qadiymi
40 Lash shamsu yambagiy (n-b IQL) lahaaa an (n-t IKHF) tudrikal qamara wa Lal laylu saabiqunnahaar (T) wa kullun (n-f IKHF) fiy falakiy (n-y IDMG) yasbaHuuna
41 wa aayatul (n-l IDBG) lahum (m-a IZ) annaa Hamalnaa dhurriyyatahum (m-f IZ) fiyl fulkil mashHuuna (L)
42 wa khalaqnaa lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) mim (n-m IDMG) mithlihii maa yarkabuuna
43 wa in (n-n IDMG) nasha' nugriqhum (m-f IZ) faLaa Sariykha lahum (m-w IZ) wa Laa hum (m-y IZ) yunqadhuuna (L)
44 illaa raHmatam (n-m IDMG) minnaa wa mataa'An ilaa Hiynin
45 wa idhaa qiyla lahumuttaquu maa bayna aydiykum (m-w IZ) wa maa khalfakum (m-l IZ) la'Allakum (m-t IZ) turHamuuna
46 wa maa ta'tiyhim (m-m IDMIT-G) min (n-a IZ) aayatim (n-m IDMG) min (n-a IZ) aayaati rabbihim (m-a IZ) illaa kaanuu 'Anhaa mu'ÅriDiyna
47 wa idhaa qiyla lahum (m-a IZ) anfiquu mimmaa razaqakumullaahu (L) qaalalladhiyne kafaruu lilladhiyna aamanuuu anuT'Imu mal (n-l IDBG) law yashaaaullaahu aT'Amahu (K) in (n-a IZ) antum (m-a IZ) illaa fiy DaLaalimmubiynin
48 wa yaquuluuna mataa haadhal wa'Ådu in (n-k IKHF) kuntum (m-S IZ) Saadiqiyna
49 maa yanZuruuna illaa SayHataw (n-w IDMG) waaHidatan (n-t IKHF) ta'khudhuhum wa hum (m-y IZ) yakhiSSimuuna
50 falaa yastaTiy'UUna tawSiyataw (n-w IDMG) wa Laaa ilaaa ahlihim (m-y IZ) yarji'UUna
51 wa nufikha fiySSuuri faidhaa hum (m-m IDMITH-G) minal ajdaathi ilaa rabbihim (m-l IZ) yansiluuna
52 qaaluu yaa waylanaa mam (n-b IQL) ba'Athanaa mim (n-m IDMG) marqadinaa (M) haadhaa maa wa'AdarraHmaanu wa Sadaqal mursaluuna
53 in (n-k IKHF) kaanat illaa SayHataw (n-w IDMG) waaHidatan (n-f IKHF) faidhaa hum (m-j IZ) jamiy'Ul (n-l IDBG) ladaynaa muHDaruuna
54 falyawma Laa tuZlamu nafsun (n-sh IKHF) shay'aw (n-w IDMG) wa Laa tujzawna illaa maa kuntum (m-t IZ) ta'Åmaluuna
55 inna aSHaabal jannatil yawma fiy shugulin (n-f IKHF) faakihuun
56 hum (m-w IZ) wa azwaajuhum (m-f IZ) fiy ZiLaalin (n-'A IZ) 'Alal araaaiki muttakiuuna
57 lahum (m-f IZ) fiyhaa faakihatuw (n-w IDMG) wa lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) maa yadda'UUna (C)
58 saLaamun (n-q IKHF) qawLam (n-m IDMG) mir (n-r IDBG) rabbir (n-r IDBG) raHiymin
59 wamtaazuul yawma ayyuhal mujrimuuna
60 alam (m-a IZ) a'Åhad ilaykum (m-y IZ) yaa baniiiy aadama al (n-l IDBG) Laa ta'ÅbuduushshayTaana (C) innahuu lakum (m-'A IZ) 'Aduwwum (n-m IDMG) mubiynun (L)
61 wa ani'Åbuduuniy (T) haadhaa SiraaTum (n-m IDMG) mustaqiymun
62 wa laqad aDalla minkum (m-j IZ) jibillan (n-k IKHF) kathiyraa (T) afalam (m-t IZ) takuunuu ta'Åqiluuna
63 haadhihii jahannamullatiy kuntum (m-t IZ) tuu'Aduuna
64 iSlawhal yawma bimaa kuntum (m-t IZ) takfuruuna
65 alyawma nakhtimu 'ALaaa afwaahihim (m-w) wa tukallimunaaa aydiyhim (m-w IZ) wa tashhadu arjuluhum (m-b IKHF) bimaa kaanuu yaksibuuna
66 walaw nashaaau laTamasnaa 'Alaaa a'Åyunihim (m-f IZ) fastabaquuSSiraaTa fa annaa yubSiruuna
67 walaw nashaaau lamasakhnaahum (m-'A IZ) 'Alaa makaanatihim (m-f IZ) famastaTaa'UU muDiyyaw (n-w IDMG) wa Laa yarji'UUna (A)
68 wa man (n-n IDMIT) nu'Ammirhu nunakkishu fiyl khalq (T) afaLaa ya'Åqiluuna
69 wa maa 'Allamnaahushshi'Åra wa maa yambagiiy (n-b IQL) lah (T) in huwa illaa dhikruw (n-w IDMG) wa qur'aanum (n-m IDMG) mubiynun (L)
70 liyundhira man (n-k IKHF) kaana Hayyaw (n-w IDMG) wa yaHiqqal qawlu 'Alaal kaafiriyna
71 awalam (m-y IZ) yaraw annaa khalaqnaa lahum (m-m IDMIT-G) mimmaa 'Amilat aydiynaaa an'AAman (n-f IKHF) fahum (m-l IZ) lahaa maalikuuna
72 wa dhallalnaahaa lahum (m-f IZ) faminhaa rakuubuhum (m-w IZ) wa minhaa ya'kuluuna
73 wa lahum (m-f IZ) fiyhaa manaafi'U wa mashaarib (T) afaLaa yashkuruuna
74 wattakhadhuu min (n-d IKHF) duunillaahi aalihatal (n-l IDBG) la'Allahum (m-y IZ) yunSaruun (T)
75 Laa yastaTiy'UUna naSrahum (m-w IZ) wa hum (m-l IZ) lahum (m-j IZ) jundum (n-m IDMG) muHDaruuna
76 faLaa yaHzunka qawluhum (M) innaa na'Ålamu maa yusirruuna wa maa yu'Ålinuuna
77 awalam (m-y IZ) yaral insaanu annaa khalaqnaahu min (n-n IDMIT) nuTfatin (n-f IKHF) faidhaa huwa khaSiymum (n-m IDMG) mubiynun
78 waDaraba lanaa mathalaw (n-w IDMG) wa nasiya khalqah (T) qaala may (n-y IDMG) yuHyiyl 'IZaama wa hiya ramiymun
79 qul yuHyiyhalladhii ansha-ahaaa awwala marrah (T) wa huwa bikulli khalqin (m-'A IZ) 'Aliymun (L)
80 alladhiy ja'Ala lakum (m-m IDMIT-G) minashshajaril akhDari naaran (n-f IKHF) faidhaaa antum (m-m IDMIT-G) minhu tuuqiduuna
81 awalaysalladhiy khalaqassamaawaati wal arDa biqaadirin (n-'A IZ) 'Alaaa ay (n-y IDMG) yakhluqa mithlahum (T) balaa wa huwal khaLLaaqul 'Aliymun
82 innamaaa amruhuuu idhaaa araada shay'an (n-a IZ) an (n-y IDMG) yaquula lahu kun (n-f IKHF) fayakuunu
83 fasubHaanalladhiy biyadihii malakuutu kulli shay'iw (n-w IDMG) wa ilayhi turja'UUn.(IDMG)
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24 Dec 2019
Following up from our last article “Learn Quran with Tajweed rules: Ghunnah and Idgham”, we touched briefly upon the topic of Noon Sakinah and Tanween. Let's delve even deeper in order to further understand the functions of Noon Sakinah and Tanween in tajweed rules.
Note: It is important that you have a functional understanding of how to read Arabic letters and diacritics before you read this article. If you don’t, please review our articles “Learn Arabic Letters” and “Learn Arabic Diacritics: Tashkeel” or you can alternative join our Learn Arabic Letters classes.
What is a Noon Sakinah?
Basically the Noon Sakinah is a Noon ن devoid of any vowels; namely the Kasra كسرة, fatha فتحة, and dammah ضمة. In the Quran, the noon Sakinah can be depicted with a Sukoon سكون above it or without anything above it at all like this ن. It is important to note that both have the same pronunciation and are called Noon Sakinah. Here's an example of a Noon Sakinah in the Quran:
What is Tanween تنوين?
The tanween is an extra Noon Sakinah used with the Kasra كسرة, fatha فتحة, and dammah ضمة:
The noon of the Tanween is pronounced but not written:
There are four Tajweed rules applied to both the Noon Sakinah and Tanween and they are: إظهار، إقلاب، إدغام، إخفاء (read as Izhaar, Iqlab, Idgham and Ikhfaa respectively).
Izhar (إظهار): In which a Noon ن is read clearly
When you find the following signs in Quran with tajweed, you should know that you have to pronounce the tanween clearly:
Idgham (إدغام): the Noon changes into a different letter
As we previously discussed in our previous article in the series “Learn Quran with tajweed rules: Ghunnah and Idgham” , there are two types of Idgham; One with ghunnah and one without ghunnah. In this article we will expound more on examples of Idgham without ghunnah, also known as Complete Idgham (إدغام كامل), in which the letter noon changes into the letter following it when it is either a Laam ل or Raa ر.
For more information about Idgham with ghunnah, also known as Incomplete Idham (إدغام ناقص).
Iqlab (إقلاب): in which a Noon Is merged into the next letter:
Iqlab is when the noon sakinahor tanween is changed into a meem م when it is followed by a baa ب.
The equation of Iqlab (read from right to left) is:
An example of Iqlab with Noon Sakinah:
Min baed becomes mimbaed
An example of Iqlab with Tanween:
Samion basir becomes Samiombasir
Ikhfaa (إخفاء): the Noon is hidden and is not clear
The fourth and final rule of Noon Sakinah and Tanween is the Ikhfaa, characterized somewhere between Izhar and Idgham with Ghunnah. Ikhfaa in Arabic means “to hide”. This is exactly what happens to the Noon Sakinah or Tanween in this case. The sound of the noon fades into the sound of the letter following it accompanied with a ghunnah sound. The letters causing Ikhfaa are all the remaining Arabic letters after excluding the Arabic letters causing Izhar, Idgham and Iqlab.
The levels of Ikhfaa
There are three levels of Ikhfaa concerning each group of the remaining Arabic letters depending on the proximity of the articulation point of a letter and the letter noon. The closer a letter’s articulation point to the noon, the stronger the ghunnah sound emitted and the closer the Ikhfaa is to Idgham and vice versa. These levels are:
1- The letters (ط - د - ت):
Their articulation point is close to that of Noon. Strong Ghunnah. Ikhfaa is more like Idgham.
Examples of Ikhfaa with these letters:
2- The letters (ث - ج - د - ز - س - ش - ص - ض - ظ - ف):
Their articulation points are not too close to that of Noon and are not far fromn it. Ghunnah is in between.
Examples of Ikhfaa with these letters:
2- The letters (ق - ك):
Their articulation point is far from that of Noon. Very week Ghunnah. Ikhfaa is more like Izhar.
Examples of Ikhfaa with these letters:
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